A Potpourri of Khorjin (Saddlebags) by Bob Emry, Part 2
This is Part 2 of a virtual version of a Rug and Textile Appreciation Morning program by Bob Emry, on complete khorjin sets. If you have not read Part 1, you can reach it using this link.
Members of the audience had brought in a lot of material and Bob treated it next.
We will jump around, geographically a bit more because the pieces were in a large pile on a side table.
The first of these was a Baluch “packing bag” with lots of side tassels with shells. Loops closure system.
The next piece was a Shahsavan sumak piece from the Kamseh district. Good color. Its stepped polygons are a frequent Shahsavan design usage.
The following piece was a complete Baluch khorjin. Vertically striped field. Slit and loop closure system but missing the loops.
Here is the back.
I have only a very fuzzy image of the front of the next piece, a smaller khorjin.
I do not have an attribution for it, but its interesting back, below, suggests maybe SW Persia.
Next was another fuzzy image of a complete Anatolian heybe.
I can do better on the detail images of K45. Here is one of its faces. This piece is from southeast Turkey. No closure system.
Notice the typical long slit in the connecting panel.
Here is a full look at its back.
With the next piece we moved to smaller bags. Qashqa’i. (There are going to be some more fuzzy images now because pieces were being moved very quickly in order to cover the large number to be treated.)
Here is its back.
Another small piece was
Here is a better image of one of its front faces. Qashqa’i. Slits and large loops closure system.
The next complete khorjin was from Karabagh in the Caucasus. Bold cruciform medallion and over-size border devices. Sumak technique.
No visible closure system.
The next piece was also from the Caucasus. Plain woven back with stripes. Two sets of loops with an interlacing cord. Probably Azeri.
The next piece was Luri or Bakhtiari. Sumak. A great deal of white (cotton?). Hair selvedges. Pile at “bottoms” of the bags.
A peek at its plain-weave striped back.
The next piece was Veramin. Slit and loop closure system. Black and white loops
Here is the back. Loops woven in.
The next piece was a complete Jaff Kurd set. Bob noted that this khorjin has had the side seams taken out at some point in its history and was then re-assembled. Like the Jaff khorjin shown earlier, this one also has just a single row of closure loops, and as here, re-assembled, neither row of closure slots reaches to the loops. It should have been assembled so that the pile “elem” panels that show here on the back were showing on the front instead–then both rows of closure slots would be opposite the row of closure loops.
The next piece was a leather-reinforced, pile Anatolian heybe. The usual long slit. Pile heybes are rare-ish.
A detail of its back.
The next piece was Shahsavan sumak from the Kamseh District.
The next piece was Armenian. Its medallions are a version of the center of the “eagle Kazak” device. Weaver did not weave “animals” upside down on one of the face panels so that they would both be oriented right side up when hung over the short connecting panel.
Bottom bag face is inscribed in an Armenian script above and in the medallion.
The next piece is a pile heybe face from western Anatolia. The design is one of the most frequent seen on heybes from this area.
The next piece was complete and Kurdish.
It has slits and loops but the loops are mostly hidden in these images. An unusual feature is a pair of pile squares at the sides of the mid-point of the connecting panel.
Here is a detail of its back.
The next piece was was smaller, complete Afshar. Its field is taken over by over-sized rose forms. This design is European, but was adopted by weavers in the Caucasus and areas of Persia and Turkey. The design is called “cabbbage rose,” or “gul farang,” in the literature.
A colorful, chevroned-faced, slit and loop closure system. Two seemingly ad hoc slits at the ends of the yellow-dark bounded central marker of the connecting panel. These slits are woven-in –the sides of the slits have selvage finish.
Here is the back.
The next piece was Kurdish, with a bold eight-pointed star.
Detail of front face.
Here are two images of its back.
The next piece was another complete, leather-reinforced Anatolian heybe. This time from southwest Anatolia. Weave on the faces is brocade. Owner said some dyes seem synthetic, but that there has been no color transfer to white areas despite lots of opportunity. Leather is modestly embossed. Said to have been woven in the Fithye area of southeast Turkey.
Here is the back with an unusual red, yellow, ivory, brown, bright blue striping. Tufts of bright tassels sewn on, likely to distract the “evil eye.”
The next piece was Shahsavan khorjin set in which the two bags have been cut apart. Very good color with an unusual red and white striped ground. The field devices are also more articulated than are some similar Shahsavan pices
Here is the back of the first one above.
And here is the back of the second one.
The next piece was southwest Persia, probably Luri. Red wefts. Stepped central medallion with hooks. Brocaded back.
The next piece was done in zili. Caucasian or NW Persian. Probably either a chuval or part of a mafrash cargo bag.
The next piece was maybe Qashqa’i. Central diamond medallion, hooked but not stepped.
The next piece was most of a khorjin half. Bakhtiari. Birds in compartment at the bottom of the face, but before the striped back.
The next piece was similar. Bakhtiari. Sumak and plain weave striped area on back. Zig-zag field design on back.
The next piece was southwest Persian. Small medallion tiled field design, with each tile sharing one quarter to form another set of bi-colored tiles. Slit and loop closure system.
The next piece was Veramin. Eight-pointed stars in border. Stepped cruciform field devices.
The next piece was probably Uzbek with concentric, stepped field designs. Vertical side borders resemble NE Persian sofreh usages. Loops visible for closure system. Interlocking tapestry weave.
The next piece was also probably Uzbek. Diamond field design resembles those seen in Jaff Kurd and flat-woven Kordi pieces, the latter, from NE Iran. These pieces tend to be surprisingly fine. No closure system.
The next piece was probably Turkmen. The closure system is two rows of loops, sewn-on, identical to those of the Turkmen khorjins seen earlier. The face design in extra-weft is similar to other flat-woven Turkmen torbas , but not often seen in a bag this small.
The next piece was an unusual, complete khorjin. Warp-faced. Woven as a long strip of this technique. Seemingly done entirely in natural colored brown and white wool, with only traces of dyed wool in the wrapped selveges. No closure system.
The next piece was Bakhtiari done in sumak.
Typical pile at the bag folds.
Slit and loop closure system with loops woven in and nicely decorated slit panels.
Back has another frequent Bakhtiari usage: plain weave stripes with white-ground sumak panels.
The next piece was possibly Qashqa’i. Brocaded with decorative tufts. Slit and loops closure system.
Back is brocaded in a similar way.
Bob answered questions and brought his session to a close.
The after-session conversations and examination of the material began.
I want to thank Bob Emry for this well-conceived program, for his permission to fashion this virtual version of it, and for some after-session photos, he took, and for his considerable editing assistance.
Thanks also to Wendel Swan for some useful images he provided.
I hope you have enjoyed this interesting, well-conceived, program.
R. John Howe